What Is the Main Cause of Prostate Cancer?
posted: Sep. 15, 2021.
Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer behind skin cancer to affect adult men in the U.S. One out of seven men will be diagnosed with the disease at some point during their lifetime. Several methods exist for treating prostate cancer. An experienced urologist can develop a treatment plan tailored to your unique needs. In Hollywood, FL, prostate cancer treatment is available at Masel Urology Center, where Dr. Jonathan Masel can recommend a specific course of treatment for you.
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
As with many types of cancers, it is difficult to determine the exact cause of prostate cancer. However, several factors can increase your risk of developing the disease. Risk factors for prostate cancer include:
- Family history of prostate cancer
- Being age 50 years or older
Men who have a strong family history of breast cancer or a family history of mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes also tend to be at higher risk for developing prostate cancer. Another factor that can increase the likelihood of getting prostate cancer is race. Black men tend to be at greater risk for the disease than men of other races.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Men with early-stage prostate cancer might not experience any symptoms, which is why it is extremely important to schedule a screening if you are age 50 years or older. A prostate cancer screening helps detect the disease even when no symptoms are present. As cancer progresses, a patient is more likely to experience various symptoms. Signs of prostate cancer include:
- Difficulty urinating
- Blood in the urine
- Blood in the semen
- Erectile dysfunction
- Unintended weight loss
- Frequent urination
- Pain in the bones
Treatments for Prostate Cancer
Our board-certified urologist utilizes several methods for treating prostate cancer at our Hollywood, FL, urology center. The type of treatment needed depends on several factors, including how what stage the cancer is in. The doctor can explain what each treatment involves and develop an individualized plan tailored to your needs. Prostate cancer treatments include:
- Surgery — Surgical removal of the prostate gland and surrounding tissue.
- Radiation therapy — Targeting cancer cells with high-energy particles.
- Chemotherapy — Oral or intravenous medications for targeting cancer cells that have spread outside the prostate gland.
- Hormone therapy — A method for reducing the levels of male hormones in the body when they are playing a role in the growth of cancer.
- Cryotherapy — Using extreme cold to kill cancer cells.
- Bone-directed therapy — A drug therapy for preventing deterioration of bone tissue when cancer has spread to the bone.
- Vaccine treatment — Used when hormone therapy is no longer having the desired effect.
While the main cause of prostate cancer is not clear, several highly effective treatment methods are available for successfully fighting the disease. For the treatment of prostate cancer in Hollywood, FL, schedule a consultation with Dr. Masel by calling Masel Urology Center at (954) 961-7500.